Periodontal disease, more commonly known as gum disease, is an infection of the periodontal tissues (gums and bone) that support the teeth. Mild periodontal disease is known as gingivitis and it is characterized by sore, swollen gums that bleed easily. Periodontitis, an advanced form of periodontal disease, affects the gums, periodontal ligament, and the underlying jawbone. Periodontitis can result in pain, receding gums with pockets, and eventual tooth loss. Both gingivitis and periodontitis are caused by bacteria that accumulate along the gum line. Therefore, treatments for gum disease generally consist of minimizing bacterial accumulations and promoting the regeneration of periodontal tissues.
Did You Know?
Periodontal disease is the leading cause of tooth loss in adults. Unfortunately many people are at risk, since it is estimated that almost 50% of people over 30 have some form of periodontal disease. While the effects of gingivitis can usually be reversed with treatment, the effects of periodontitis are permanent and will continue to progress. As such, treatments for periodontitis are aimed at slowing the progression of the disease.
Frequently Asked Questions:
Do I need gum disease treatment?
You will need gum disease treatment if you are diagnosed with gingivitis or periodontitis. Some common symptoms of gum disease can include:
- swollen gums
- red and tender gums
- bleeding while brushing/flossing
- change in the way teeth fit together when biting down
- pain when biting down
- bad taste or smell to mouth
- teeth that look excessively long or larger than usual
- loose teeth
To determine if you have gum disease and need treatment, schedule a consultation with Dr. Dickey of Dickey Dental today!
What treatments are available for treating gum disease at Dickey Dental?
At Dickey Dental, we offer the following gum disease treatments:
- Scaling and Root Planing – This procedure is used to remove bacteria and built-up tartar from deep within the gum pockets surrounding the teeth. It usually involves supplemental therapy, such as the use of topical antibiotics.
- Tray Delivery – This procedure uses at-home antibiotic treatments delivered in pre-measured trays.
The type of treatment needed will depend upon the severity of your gum disease. For example, there are cases where you may only need one treatment, as well as cases where both treatments are needed.
Will I need to follow any special guidelines after my appointment?
When being treated for gum disease, one of the most important things you can do at home is practice excellent oral hygiene. You should brush your teeth at least twice a day, and floss daily to help prevent further gum disease. It is also recommended to avoid smoking and foods or beverages that have large amounts of sugar. You will also need to schedule regular appointments at Dickey Dental to monitor your gum health and have your teeth cleaned.